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Overview of Scotland’s Top Species
Scottish Sea Fishing
Scotland remains a major region in the UK fishing industry. It accounts for 59.8% of volume and 60.3% of all value landed in the UK. The most important species landed into Scotland in 2011 are shown in Table 1 below, they are ranked by highest value.
Table 1: Calculated from: Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics, 2011. Scottish Government, Sept. 2012
Based on all landings into Scotland.
These ten species accounted for 83% of the total value of landings into Scotland including Scottish, UK and foreign vessels, highlighting the importance of these species for the industry. In 2011, mackerel increased in value by 17%, whilst down 19% in volume. It continues to be the most valuable species for Scotland, accounts for 35.5% of total landings, worth over £134.2 million.
These ten species (Table 1) alone accounted for 83.7% of the volume (tonnes) landed into Scotland by UK and foreign vessels.
The proportional value of all species landed into Scotland is illustrated in Fig. 1. Nephrops and mackerel alone account for 55% of the value to the whole industry. The four main shellfish species; scallop, crab, lobster and langoustine account for 30%.
Fig. 1: Calculated from: Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics, 2011. Scottish Government, Sept. 2012
Based on all vessel landings into Scotland.
Fig. 2 below illustrates total volume and value of landings, split between the 3 key sectors. 2011 statistics show a large change in volume of shellfish landings, down to 19%, whilst pelagic sector increased to 48%, in previous years, this has been a far more even split between the three industries.
Fig. 2: From: Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics, 2011. Scottish Government Sept 2012
Based on UK vessel landings into Scotland.
Download a full copy of the Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics 2011 here
Scottish Farmed Seafood
Scotlands farmed seafood sector is also a key economic driver for the country. In 2011, 173,516 tonnes of farmed seafood were produced across the country, Salmon accounting for 91% of this sector.
The Scottish fish farming industry currently includes some lesser known species; Artic Charr, brown trout, sea trout, cod and halibut. Currently 254 salmon farms operate across Scotland, compared to 33 trout sites producing with over 97% of the tonnage coming from just 9 companies. The farmed shellfish sector is much more fragmented with 153 businesses growing 10,587 tonnes.
Fig. 3 From: Scottish Fish Farm Production Survey & Scottish Shellfish Farm Production Survey 2011. Scottish Government Sept 2012
Download a full copy of the Scottish Fish Farm Production Survey 2011 here
Download a full copy of the Scottish Shellfish Farm Production Survey 2011 here